See Mapping Techniques/Basics for a description on jumps.
Anti-Jumps consists of a normal set of placed hit objects, followed by a stream of notes with half the spacing (placed closer) than the previous comboset. This part could be a separate comboset.
Anti-SeibeiStyle-Jumps consists of a beat stream with a few beats with the same spacing further apart on the timeline than the others in the same combo.
Basically, hit objects are placed to have the appearance of a constant beat; however, timeline-wise, they are spaced a bit further apart.
Center anti-jumps has a note or a slider placed in the center while the other hit objects but are spaced the same in the timeline as a form of an anti-jump.
Oibon jumps are jumps from the left side of the screen to the right side (or vise versa).
Nominator: Blue Dragon
B&F sliderbased jumps consists of making a back and forth jump (or triangle) using the slider as the base for the jump.
Endpoint slider jumps uses two sliders, and a hit circle. A slider is mapped, followed by a hit circle, followed by a horizontally-flipped copy of the slider.
Nominator: Card N'FoRcE
Orbital sliders uses mirrored sliders with a note in the middle.
This usually uses a beat long slider. This is followed by a hit circle that is half the beat of the first slider, a beat afterwards. This is then followed by another beat long slider that is half the beat of the hitcircle.